Glassmorphism in Jetpack Compose

Aparna Rathore
2 min readAug 11, 2023

“Glassmorphism” is a design trend that emulates the frosted glass effect found in certain operating systems and applications. It involves using translucent or blurred backgrounds with a subtle frosted or glass-like appearance. While Jetpack Compose itself doesn’t have built-in support for glassmorphism, you can achieve this effect by combining Compose’s flexible UI toolkit with custom styling and layout techniques. Here’s how you might implement glassmorphism in a Jetpack Compose UI:

1. **Background Blurring:**
To create the frosted glass effect, you can use a background image with a blurred effect. Here’s how you might apply a background blur to a Compose layout:

```kotlin
Box(
modifier = Modifier
.fillMaxSize()
.background(
brush = Brush.verticalGradient(
colors = listOf(Color.Transparent, Color.White.copy(alpha = 0.1)),
startY = 0.0f,
endY = 400.0f
)
)
) {
// Your content here
}
```

2. **Content Card:**
Place your main content in a translucent card that will create the frosted glass effect on top of the blurred background.

```kotlin
Card(
modifier = Modifier
.padding(16.dp)
.fillMaxWidth()
.background(MaterialTheme.colorScheme.background.copy(alpha = 0.9f)),
elevation = 8.dp
) {
// Your content here
}
```

3. **Custom Styling:**
Define custom styles for the text, buttons, and other UI elements to match the glassmorphism style. You can use translucent colors and adjust the transparency levels to achieve the frosted glass appearance.

4. **Translucent Colors:**
Use translucent colors for your UI elements to ensure that the blurred background is partially visible through them.

5. **Animations:**
Consider adding subtle animations to elements like buttons or cards to enhance the glassy effect. For example, you could add a slight hover effect when the user interacts with UI elements.

6. **Realistic Elements:**
Add realistic shadows and highlights to UI elements to make them appear more three-dimensional, enhancing the overall glassmorphism effect.

Remember, the glassmorphism trend can be visually appealing, but it’s important to balance it with usability and legibility. Ensure that your text remains readable against the frosted background and that the overall user experience isn’t compromised.

While Jetpack Compose provides a flexible platform for building UIs, achieving specific design trends like glassmorphism may require customizations and creativity. Adapt the above code snippets to your specific needs and adjust the styling and effects as desired.

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